How To Install Portable Hot Tub Electrical Wiring

Installing electrical to a new or used hot tub can be a daunting thought. The need to access 220 Volt power scares most do-it-yourselfers away from the task, but for those willing to give up a weekend or two the cost savings and self-accomplishment can we worth the task. Below are the major steps and lessons I learned when I recently installing new electrical wiring to my hot tub.

1. Plan Your Project:

Code Review: Reviewing the National Electrical Code (NEC) and any state or local jurisdiction codices should be your first step. You can find excerpts from the NEC on-line. Wiring swimming pools, spas and hot tubs is in section 680 of the NEC. If you do a search on any of the major search engines you will find the national code requirements. The highlights of the NEC include requirement of an electrical disconnect and a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). The disconnect panel needs to be within sight of the hot tub but greater than 5 feet away from the water surface. The GFCI can be part of the disconnect switch or installed in the main house panel breaker.

You should also check with your local planning and zoning department to determine where you can find any local state or city code requirements. Many times the local jurisdictions will reference the NEC for hot tub electrical wiring, but it is good to check.

Drawings: Create a scaled plan view drawing of the layout of your new electrical system. The layout should be correct scale so you can use it to determine the linear feet of conduit, wire, and other materials you will need. You should also create any elevation drawings for conduit that goes up and down walls. This will help you when determining the number of fittings, elbows and conduit lengths needed.

Bill of Materials: Once you have created your drawings, the next step is to calculate the quantity of materials you will need. The materials should consist of conduit (size and length), wires (length and gauge), elbows, junction boxes, conduit C-clamps, screws, disconnect panel and breaker with GFCI, disconnect breaker for the main house panel, and other materials. Once you have calculated all the materials create a Bill of Materials or material schedule with the appropriate number of parts and pieces.

Research Cost: If you do not have an unlimited budget then you should research the cost to purchase all the materials prior to purchasing. You can research costs on-line by going to the major box stores like Home Depot or Lowes, or you can make a trip to the store and determine how much each of the items will cost.

Budget: After determining the cost of each item, multiply the cost of each item by the number of those items needed. Then add all the item summary costs together and this will give you an approximate cost of materials. I would recommend adding 10-percent to the cost for contingency materials that you do not know you need now but will once start your projects. The materials cost for approximately 100 linear feet of distance between the main houses disconnect and the hot tub cost me approximately $ 550. Most of the cost was the number 6 copper wire. Each wire cost approximately $ 95. All of my conduit was routed above ground. I receive quotes from electricians over the phone that said they would charge material costs plus $ 3- $ 5 per linear foot to install. You should also keep in mind that contractors will often increase the material cost by 10-percent when selling to you.

Tools for the project: Below is the list of tools that I needed to install and connect the electrical to my hot tub: (hammer, Philips screwdriver, flat-head screwdriver, measuring tape, PVC conduit cutter, drill, drill bits including large diameter ones to cut holes through walls, screws for securing conduit to the walls, wire pulling lubrication, fish tape for pulling the wire through the conduit, box cutting knife for cutting any sheetrock).

2. Purchase Materials:

Once you have created your budget and assembled all the tools for your project it is time to go to the store and purchase your materials. I purchased my materials from Home Depot because it was close to my house, but you may have an electrical materials store close to your house. If you do have once close you should purchase your materials from there. Typically they will sell you materials for less cost than you would pay at a big box store. They will also have a larger verity of electrical panels, breakers, and other materials. Remember than you can and should purchase more materials than what you think you will need. You can return any unused materials after your project is complete. This will save you time by not having to stop in the middle of your project to go to the store to purchase materials that you did not know you would need.

3. Install Materials:

After purchasing the materials and assembling any tools you will need it is time to install the wiring and electrical equipment. There is no defined process for installing the equipment but I would recommend you start with the easy installation first. Drill your major holes through walls that align with your desired location. Mount your disconnect box in the location you want and start to route wire from the hot tub to the main house panel. You can do almost all the installation without ever having to worry about the 220 Volt electrical connection.

When you have routed all your conduit it is time to pull your electrical wire. If you followed some of the helpful hints provided at the bottom of this article then pulling your wire should not be too much of an effort. When it comes to installing the breaker in your main house panel, turn off your main house disconnect. This will remove power to all your breakers, so allowing you to install the new breaker in the panel. Remember this will disable all the power to your house, so choose a time when no one is home or you do not need power, preferably during the day so you do not need your lights.

To get the conduit and wire to your main house disconnect you will need to cut the sheetrock below your main panel. This will allow you to route the conduit inside the wall and go up through the bottom of the existing panel. When cutting the sheetrock you should cut on the middle of each stud which should be 16-inches away from one another. This will allow you to re-install the sheetrock after routing the conduit and wire.

4. Enjoy Your Hot Tub:

When you have finished installing your electrical wiring to your hot tub it is time to fill your hot tub. Your hot tub should be full of water prior to turning it on so that you do not burn-up your hot tub heater. After 8 to 12 hours your hot tub will be up to temperature and you can begin to add chemicals to adjust your PH, Alkalinity, and Chlorine levels. If you are installing a used hot tub I would suggest installing a new filter.

Helpful Tips:

The tips below can save you time and money. I know I wish I would have known them before starting my projects.

1. Increase the size of conduit by at least 0.5 inches that is required by the electrical code. This will increase the ease of pulling the wire through the conduit saving you time and frustration.

2. Use a wire lubricant. There are many types of electrical wire pulling lubricant sold at Home Depot and Lowes. For the most part they are all the same. The cost for the typical size bottle is less than $ 10.00 and worth the time it will save you. I have even heard of some people using dish soap.

3. Use a fish-tape to help you pull the wire through the conduit. A 25 foot fish-tape is less than $ 20 and will save you time during wire pulling.

4. Purchase extra materials and return what is not used after your project is complete.

5. Purchase a GFCI disconnect that is made for hot tubs. This will save you some time when selecting materials.

Ensuring You Get The Best Electrical Needs For Home Or Business

Ensuring You Get The Best Electrical Needs For Home Or Business

Electrical needs can be numerous and it is very important to have professionals handle them on your behalf. The truth is that handling the needs without the expertise can put you in a lot of trouble. Poor connections and installations have been the source of all kinds of electrical equipment problems and losses. Only qualified experts can fetch you the best of results with every one of your needs.

When using the professional services, you can be sure of the installations and any repairs that you might need, especially with communication and entertainment systems around your home and business. The electrical catering services you can enjoy include wall mounting for your TV, satellite services, cabling, intercoms, speaker installation and even troubleshooting within any given system. To ensure the best catering for your needs, you will need to choose reliable service providers. A few considerations can help you select the very best.

How qualified is the team?

Electrical catering services are usually offered by companies. When choosing a company, therefore, you should make the effort of inquiring into the qualification of the technicians who will handle your project. A good service provider will have only a team of qualified experts who can handle any project.

Can the company comfortably handle your project?

This is a very important question since there are companies that are not open to smaller projects. A good company should accommodate your needs, whether on a small project or a big project covering your entitlement business promises. Always be sure that you can rely on the professional services whenever you require them for any given project from your provider.

What service variety does the company have?

The most common are installations and repairs. However, you also want to set up for an electrical service provider who can also offer you expert advice on the best or the latest equipment for your communication and entertainment needs. This way, you can make the right choices from the initial stages or even enjoy upgrades to add value to your home or office.

A good service provider inclined on complete customer satisfaction will also offer support after the project. You should access help with your installations or repairs even after the project has been completed. The best will usually even conduct follow ups just to ensure that you are happy with their services and this is very important.

What are the service charges?

They in most cases will depend on the extent of the project in hand with the most demanding projects being most costly. However, your service provider should be within reasonable limits, irrespective of the scale of the project. The affordability of the electrical catering services should however not compromise on the quality of services delivered. A good company will offer you the best services at a charge that befits the service delivered or project requirements. With so many companies today, you will be in a position to make the right decision to suit your needs.

Best Electrical Services For Commercial Needs

Best Electrical Services For Commercial Needs

Skilled commercial electricians are of great importance to any given business. This is considering that the commercial projects can be tedious, especially since they cover larger areas and the best is expected in terms of delivery. The quality of the work delivered can greatly determine on the performance of the business as far as communication goes for instance. The services can also impact the business profits making it important to hire professionals to handle all your commercial electrical needs. The professionals should:

  • Know all electrical needs surrounding your business or industry specialization. Here, they easily fetch you the results that you really deserve.
  • Be updated on the latest technology, tools and information to ensure success and safety for every project.
  • Work fast on the given project thanks to their expertise. This decreases delays, hassles and hazards in the workplace. Things get back to normal in no time at all when working with professionals.
  • Have proper permits, approvals and inspections. This way you can be sure that your business is well protected during the handling of your projects.
  • Offer a detailed project explanation as well as pricing without pressuring you to work with them. You there before will have the liberty of choosing to continue with the services or to continue with the search for a better deal.

The Commercial Services

Diagnosis and repairs

Regardless of the electronic equipment that your business utilizes you will enjoy excellent diagnosis and repair services to settle your issues. They can be services to deal with your communication or even entertainment needs within the concessions.

Installations and upgrades

The professional service providers will also take care of all your installation needs as well as upgrades. Professional installations keep damages and dangers at bay which can significantly cut on your costs. The pros will also offer advice on how to take care of your electronics so that you can enjoy them for longer.

System maintenance

Beside installations and repairs, commercial electrical services also cover system maintenance. The professionals have all the information required to make proper maintenance of different systems including electrical code requirements and updates to keep you protected and safe.

Your business has plenty to enjoy with professional commercial services and can actually have all its needs taken care of by a good service provider. With so many providers offering commercial services today, you should find it beneficial to consider your most critical needs and the potential of getting results from a specific provider. The qualification, experience, reputation and variety of services offered can be some of the best guides to getting you the best services. It is advisable to always work with professionals since they can seriously cut on your costs. This is considering that poor installations and repairs will never offer you reliable solutions to your electrical needs. With such poor services, you will be faced with the need to make changes and repairs every now and then which can be extremely costly for your business.

What Does an Electrician Do?

What Does an Electrician Do?

Electricians are specialized in installing, operating, repairing and the maintenance of the electrical systems. Typically, these systems involve electronics, wiring or circuit boards.

This job is quite flexible and highly rewarded in some places of the globe. An electrician usually needs a period of training of 3-5 years in order to perform his job professionally. People get in touch with electricians daily in communities, so it is normal for them to remain loyal to an electrician that knows their home and how to fix its problems.

There are people who make a difference between a lineman and an electrician. Actually these two jobs have a certain difference between them: an electrician takes care of the internal wiring of a house, and a lineman handles the electrical lines and power related facilities located outdoors. Taking into account the multiple currents that get mixed into this job, being a lineman is no piece of cake, particularly if linemen are sent to resolve downed power lines or various problems generated by the bad weather.

In building a structure, the electrician plays a very important part. His main job is to install conduit inside the walls during the building process in order to resolve the electrical wiring. In case heating or cooling systems are being built, then an electrician can also take care of the piping and vents that come with this system.

Towards the end of the construction, an electrician installs sockets in order to plug in the electrical appliances and the light bulbs. An electrician knows that special circuits might also be added in order to serve equipment like heaters or stoves.

Electricians can also take care of installing more complex equipment, and they know how to handle electronics and tools like voltage meters or boxes. These professionals can also deal with repair or maintenance, and most of them work as freelancers, meaning that they have their own equipment and they go with their vans wherever their services are requested.

Those who want to become electricians have to be prepared to go to trade schools or enroll in pro apprenticeships. While supervised by someone else, those who want to become electricians will be taught about the way in which they can deal with electricity and remain safe. Included in this training is the familiarization with the local codes and different trades that an electrician might use. After the training has ended, then the electrician to-be can get a certification or a license and start doing his job.

How Secure Are You With Z-Wave Door Sensors?

With the growing number of crimes in the present scenario, personal security has become an important issue. That is why a lot of innovations are going on for your home and office safety, out of which Z-Wave door sensors are the most talked about. A part of the smart home automation, these door sensors ensure protection by means of technology-controlled lights and instant alarm systems. Although compact, their installation demands a lot of precision and planning, making it one of the most daunting tasks to carry out.

So in order to simplify this complete installation process, here are some useful tips that will help in making your home more secure and protective. No doubt it's easy to install the wireless systems at your place, but there are a few things which are needed to be minutely considered if you want full inside out protection.

# Point 1: Once you decide to automate your home, make a detailed plan as to where you will be putting the whole set-up for easy home tracking. For instance, if it is the control panel, try to fix it at a place from where it is easily accessible. Make sure you do not put it somewhere in plain view of the window, as it is easy for the burglars to damage it and enter in your home. Get it installed at a point where no outsider can notice it and each member of the home knows about it.

# Point 2: Since the system is wireless, you will have to plug-in your control panel in order to make it work and for this you will need to get it installed near the power outlet. You can also place the sensors and motion detectors at this spot for effective functioning. Here, be assured that your home gets watched from the right corner.

# Point 3: Another thing which demands attention is the area of ​​your door sensor installation. Whether you want your home interiors to get captured or it is your garage, Z-wave door sensors are needed to be placed in vulnerable areas. Decide the right place for their installation. It can be your children's door or window or at spots which are not directly visible to your neighbors. Although, the best place to install these door sensors is on your front and back door.

# Point 4: After you have prepared the detailed outline of the whole installation, you must go for its instant fix up. Now, fixing up imports certain standards and norms. To illuminate, while installing the control panel, it is better to fix the power cord inside the wall, which will act as a protective measure, saving it from the eyes of thieves. The next thing which you are required to do is to program all the sensors with some powerful code.

# Point 5: As these sensors include magnet and transmitters for sensing the opening and closing of the doors so try to install the transmitter on some stationary and sturdy surface and the magnet on some moving platform. Once everything gets adjusted in its right order, review and test the whole system as many times as you can. Test it from all the points to ensure that your surveillance system is working properly.

Here, if you are thinking about automating your home, then these discussed tips can be of great help to you. Follow the right steps now and make your home a secure place to live in.

Things to Consider When Buying Roof Vents

Things to Consider When Buying Roof Vents

Roof vents are used in homes, buildings and office blocks throughout the world. These simple devices are used to allow air to escape, making them a wonderful addition in the summer months. In addition to this, they are used to expel stale air or smoke.

There are a number of factors you have to take into consideration when looking at roof vents, whether you're building a new home or you are looking to replace the existing products in your office building or block of apartments.

The first important decision you have to make is how many roof vents you need. This does not only depend on the size of your roof, it also depends on the purpose of the vents. These are often used to allow natural air place through the roofing space, this can reduce the risk of damage after a storm, allowing any leaks to dry up. It can also be used to allow warm air to escape during the summer months and is also effective in preventing smoke to escape during a fire.

Do not take a guess on the number of products to place on your roofing structure, rather spend the time, do you research and speak to professionals who specialize in these products and are able to provide you with the correct information, helping you make the best decision moving forward.

Another big decision you will need to make is whether to choose natural or fan powered roof vents. Natural are a top choice which rests on natural winds and ventilation to work, while the fan powered use a fan to draw out the air inside. Some of the larger buildings turn to fan powered solutions, but if you are purchasing for your own home, natural may be the right solution. Again, you will want to take the size of your home and number of vents required into consideration before choosing the type of vent you want to use.

Appearance may be another big deciding factor. You do not want a large ugly object on your roof. Larger structures may not have to worry too much as people will not notice these as they walk past, but when installing in a single or double store property, your roof is on display for many to see. The roof vents come in various sizes, each one offering a host of opening solutions, so choose based on the overall design of your property and what you feel will enhance the design of your roof.

Remember that while roof vents are necessary and popular, they are not just put in place and left for years. These do require maintenance from time and time and you should check the vents when doing your regular home inspections. When you go around and check your roof, ensure you check your vents. Call in a professional company for an inspection or to carry out necessary maintenance if you are unsure what to look for.

Price is a big deciding factor. At the same time you have to weigh up the cost of replacing the roof if the water gets in. Another benefits of roof vents is that that it allows hot air to escape, which can make them an environmentally friendly solution to have on any roofing structure. Taking these costs into consideration, weight them up against the initial outlay for the vents and see how much you can save if you are to go ahead with the project.

Finally, always speak to the supplier to ensure that the vents come with a good warranty, this can provide you with much needed peace of mind.

Enhance Interior Ambience With Innovative LED Lighting Patterns

Enhance Interior Ambience With Innovative LED Lighting Patterns

LED lights have changed the complete concept of interior lighting in residential sectors. Some of the aspects that keep LEDs way far ahead of the traditional counterparts are flexible design options, low maintenance, energy efficiency and longer life span. LEDs are comparatively expensive than the conventional lights, but, their benefits, however are many.

One must remember that; the lighting pattern of a particular room determines the comfort level, coupled, creating an ambience. So while choosing LEDs for interior decoration, one should consider various factors like room space, size, shape and height. The following are innovative LED lighting ideas that will induce a flattering vibration into the rooms, including, illuminating them delightfully.

• Make the Rooms More Vibrant and Lively

Installing attractive LED light patterns help in making the interiors more lively and vibrant at the same time. These lights look great in various parts of the house like kitchens, dining spaces and dressing rooms. For instance, installing LED strips and fittings underneath the wall mounted storage units not only makes the particular section look even more attractive and yet it also helps in better illumination. Apart from this, installing these lights in walk-in wardrobes or dressing room also creates a different new dimension, and, offers an attractive makeover to that particular part of the interior.

• Add a Splash of Colors

One of the major aspects that make LEDs a preferred choice for home interior lighting is that it offers many color options. They come in single color options, and, therefore, finding one that suits and compliments the design and color of the room is not at all tough. Adding a splash of color to comparatively dull regions of the house like stairways and room corners become easier with LEDs. Some of these light fittings have red, green and blue diodes, and they compliment almost any room color. Another aspect that makes these lights an interesting choice is that they switch colors in different ways when controlled through a control gear. Simple yet innovative computer software will help one in programming the color changing according to mood.

• Innovate Attractive Lighting Patterns

LEDs come in a multitude of options, and it allows the imagination to take over. Flexibility is one important aspect that keeps these lights way far ahead from its counterparts. LED lights help one in innovating attractive and complex lighting patterns, which would otherwise prove difficult with conventional light fittings. One has the liberty to think about new ways of using LED lights. For instance, back lighting a wall mounted painting or screen. Apart from this, using these lights for creating unique and attractive design patterns like Glazing, not only makes the interiors more vibrant, but it also helps in highlighting special sections of the house.

These are some of the ways through which one can enhance the interior ambience with LED lights. Getting quality and durable LED lights becomes easier, if one purchasers purchasing them from a prominent store.

Finding An Electrician In Your Area

Finding An Electrician In Your Area

An electrician is able to help you with a number of problems that may occur from time to time in your home, problems like rewiring, surge protection, lighting control and much more. However, as with any other type of service, hiring an electrician means making sure that you are employing the best person for the job, not just any person.

How to find the best Electrician

In order to increase your chances of finding the best electricians in your area, you should have a list of a few service providers that you can compare on such things as pricing, customer service, and availability. If you do not compare electricians in your area, you will have no way of determining if one is better than the other.

Do your Research

Once you have made a list of electricians in your area you should make sure that they are fully certified and licensed, as this will mean that they have undertaken the correct training and that they are capable of completing the task you set them.

Those electricians who have a web page should have a page where people have left reviews or testimonials with regards to their work and levels of service. If this is not the case, then you can ask the electrician to supply a number of references that you can contact in order to establish either or not they are a competent electrician. Most electricians are likely to boast about the quality of their work, but the only way to find out the truth is to read the opinions of previous customers.

Get a Quote

Once you have the background information and references that you require, it is time to ask the electrician for a quote with regards to the work that you wish them to undertake. At this stage, it is not always prudent to opt for the company or individual that offers the lowest quote, as you often get what you pay for.

Other things to consider

First impressions can make a big difference to your final choice of electrician, and if they have a well maintained and up-to-date website, and friendly and courteous staff when answering the telephone, there is a good chance that this will indicate the quality of service that you might receive.

Also, do not be afraid to ask the electrician in your area questions. It is your money, and your home, and if you have any doubts or concerns it is better to ask before the work begins.

Instances When You Need An Expert Electrician

Instances When You Need An Expert Electrician

Do you know which scenarios require you to bring in a professional electrician? Most people actually realize that most electrical matters should be left to the qualified hands of acknowledged experts. Electrical power is definitely not something you should mess around with as the consequences could very well be fatal.

Having established that you are never to experiment with electrical repair or installation, you should focus your attention on identifying household situations that need you to call in the services of a residential electrician. Many homeowners need the touch of a power expert when:

– Their circuit breakers frequently trip or when fuses have blown a few times. This probably means that their circuits are pulling in more current than they should provide or that there is a dangerous fault in one or more of them.

– Their lights flicker and wane. Instead of wondering if the residents are being haunted, call in an electrician to find out what's causing this. Homeowners should also observe how different electrical items affect each other. Oftentimes, appliances that draw a lot of current should have separate wiring on dedicated circuits.

– Their outlets, switches, and other electric system surfaces are warm to the touch, exhibit blackening around it, or give a mild shock. It could be that there's too much demand on a circuit or there's a need to replace old-time aluminum wiring.

– They do not have envelopes protected by Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters. A house needs to be code-compliant to be safe; otherwise, it's not safe to move in wet locations such as baths, kitchens, and utility rooms as well as in grounded areas like the garage or the basement.

– There is rust or moisture under the main service panel. Any sign of deterioration is a threat to the wiring connections and indicates a problematic electrical system.

These are just some instances that require attention from an electrician. Of course, it's an even more complicated matter when electrical issues are present in commercial or industrial buildings. Places like corporate buildings, malls, factories, etc. should opt for the services of a commercial electrician. Sydney specialists advise that experienced, licensed, and insured electrical services companies are given the job of handling such setups.

New electrical codes are making systems safer and more durable all the time; however, trouble could still transpire, so people should know when to hire the services of an expert electrician. To know more, click here .

The Importance Of Right Services And Calibration

When you are using products like fire extinguisher or even gas detector, it becomes extremely important to be sure that you are doing the need for the sake of ensuring that they are completely safe for use. You can find companies that offer fire extinguisher servicing facilities and when you are availing the same, be sure to explore the different details and then benefit from its use.

There are various different ways which one can use for the sake of checking out the calibrations and even the safety reading as well. These are some extremely important equipment which carries out critical functions. If they are not working properly, it can create huge amount of damage. A fire extinguisher helps in saving a lot of lives in critical juncture. When there is a fire, you will have to fall back up the fire extinguisher. If the extinguisher fails to work at such critical juncture, it will create much more trouble than what you wish to handle. This is the reason; you should choose to opt for regular fire extinguisher servicing as it is sure to help you. Be sure that during emergency situations, your equipments will not falter to deliver the right results.

The accurate details of the gas detector

Just like the fire extinguisher, even the gas detector plays a critical role. You can not ignore the importance of gas detector as well because it can help in preventing a lot of unwanted accidents. This is the reason you need to opt for accurate gas detector calibration. When the detector is aptly calibrated, it will give you the right kind of readings and then your purpose will be served in an apt manner.

There are various companies that have been offering such facilities and it is upon you to closely observe the same and then find out the ones that seem to be the best at the work. When you are checking out these details, you will find that there are companies who have been at the top of the work. They will offer you reliable fire extinguisher servicing and even gas detector calibration as well.

When you take care of both these facilities and avail even some of the best inspection and electrical tagging services, you will be able to secure this equipment. There is nothing that is more important than your safety. You should make it a point to ensure that you are safe and never compromise on such services.

When you compromise on these services, it is putting your own life at risk. With the right kind of servicing and the apt calibration, it is definitely going to bring you the much needed benefits that you need. So, find out the companies who have a good reputation of being the best at such security based services and then stay happy that you have all the main points covered.

Technology has come a long way and it is easier now to be mindful of all these points. When you are fully sure that your equipments are going to run the way they are provided to, during the times of need, it will improve your confidence.