Outdoor Electrical Enclosures – And What You Must Know

Outdoor electrical enclosures are cabinets made of a variety of materials which are used for storing electrical circuitry. These are very important to the way everything's run and if there's electricity then you'll find an enclosure in some capacity.

There are lots of different types of 'outdoor' enclosures and these can be outside your house attached to the side of your house. There are others can be inside the house but not in any particularly visible areas, such as in the inside of the garage.

There are of course other types of outdoor electrical cabinets which inhabit most roads and streets in modern countries. These contain electrical wires as well as usually broadband cables and wires. As you can imagine these are all very important to most homes who like to enjoy electricity and broadband.

Outdoor enclosures are made out of materials which allow for the protection of the vulnerable circuitry inside. This means they're usually made of a durable material, generally stainless steel – but they can be made of a variety of different metals and even non metals. It's not too uncommon to find different designs made out of metals like aluminum.

What is much more uncommon are designs made out of materials such as plastics or even timber. Outdoor electrical enclosures such as these are rare and usually custom designed and built. They're considered rare usually because of their low protection capabilities and much shorter life span. They're often used for their aesthetic properties than posing any kind of actual benefit.

The Capacitive Touch Key Application Will Be Popular on the Household Appliance Market

The capacitive touch key panel was only seen in the hi-end products like HD TV, computer monitor and kitchen appliance before. Now many companies are active to integrate the touch technology into the overall product series. People will find the capative touch technology has been widely used in the Samsung consumer electronics products line. The touch key can not only improve the aesthetic and industrial design, but also the reliability, because the captive touch key will not be worn for frequent operation.

With the increasing acceptance of the market, the touch key switch products has been extended to vent fan, electromagnetic oven, water heater, microwave oven, blood-pressure meter, portable DVD player, notebook and even TV.

With the increasing of the touch application market, touch IC has become the developing direction of many MCU manufacturers. The cost of the capacitive key is lower than the piezoelectric type. It's more advantageous than the resistance-type on the reliability and cost of the surface material. It's mainly because the capacitive type uses the single ITO Glass structure. Without ITO Film, it has nice performance on the transparency and service life.

What's the touch TV? It's actually the touch TV remote. All the present plastic keys are changed to touch type. The human-computer interface will become beautiful. What's the prospect of the product? It will be tested by the market.

No matter the dishwasher, blu-ray disc player or smartphone manufacturer will face many competitors and it's hard to diverse the products on the function and specification. The elegant, attractive and direct user interface can become the key factor to create the necessary consumer products. The capacitive touch is obviously the important technology engine to help the manufacturer realize the goal.

The household appliances, 3C and consumer electronics are the main target market of the touch key application. Shengyang started to arrange the touch IC market since it launches the first generation touch switch chip product in 2007. The main representative product is an eight bit control IC HT46R73D-3 with built-in Touch-key function. It's very suitable for the bridge type sensor measuring system products like bathroom scale, pressure gauge, hygrometer and tire gauge.

For different application market, the touch IC technology is differently required. For the portable products, the power-saving, low consuming and compact features are the main demands. But for car and medical products, the stability and reliability become the main demands.

Compared with the touch screen which is popular in the mobile phone field, the most obvious feature of touch key is the low cost. The touch screen requires more of IC design than the key application. In the technology exploring process, the cost becomes one of the factors which will impede the development.

With the promoting of the vertical integration of the industry, the touch IC design company will begin to cooperate with the panel company to shorten the developing period and low the cost. And finally in the capacitive key field, the transparent capacitive keys will be further used on the monitor.

It’s the Lighting, Stupid

Forgive me for poaching from the 1992 phase 'It's the Economy, Stupid' made popular by political strategist, James Carville. During Bill Clinton's 1992 successful Presidential campaign, he referred to the notion that Clinton was a better choice than Bush because Bush had not adequately addressed the economy which had undergone a recession.

My point in using that phrase has absolutely nothing to do with politics. It does have to do with the fact that we do have a better choice in commercial indoor and outdoor lighting options. Our better choice contributes positively towards countering the negative effects of our present economic condition. What sane person among us does not want to reduce their monthly electrical bill by 30% to 50%? The conundrum is that we are all working so hard to increase our sales revenue that we sometimes forget we can improve our margins by simply reducing our operating expenses. What's the old saying about not seeing the forest for the trees?

In these challenging economic times, many Companies have seen the light (sorry but I couldn't resist the pun). Replacing and / or retrofitting indoor and outdoor light fixtures will substantially lower energy costs. In most cases, the pay-back is less than 24 months. After the pay-back period, 100% of the savings is realized year after year. In fact, the monthly savings will usually cover the monthly note if you were to finance a project of this nature.

Whether your reason for updating your indoor and / or outdoor lighting systems is because your company is going green or you would like to save money by consuming less energy, there are many investment options available which would contribute towards an expeditious ROI. Some of these options are listed below.

• Replace parking garage HID fixtures with Fluorescents.
• Replace incandescent fixture bulbs with CFL Fluorescents.
• Retrofit or replace existing outdated fluorescent fixtures with Energy Efficient Fixtures.
• Replace parking-lot HID pole-mounted fixtures with Outdoor Pole-mounted Fluorescents.
• Replace existing wall switches in offices, store-rooms, etc. with Occupancy Sensor Switches & Dimmers.
• Install Ceiling Occupancy Sensors in common areas such as hallways, gyms, cafeterias, meeting rooms, etc.
• Replace exterior building mounted HID wall-pack fixtures with Fluorescent Wall-pack Fixtures with 40% reduced energy consumption when no one is around-but instantly comes back up to full brightness if anyone enters the area.

Compare the Before & After scenarios below with the basic understanding that Energy Consumption (kWh) = Input Watts (kW) X Time (hours operated in a given year) X your utility company cost per kWh.

Office Environment – An example of a Before – Fluorescent Light Fixture and an After – Retrofit / Replacement:

Note: For the sake of being conservative, we are not going to include additional wattage consumed by the fluorescent ballast (s), which can be as high as 10%, nor will we include the additional cost of cooling the emitted heat from the before light fixture.

Before — 2 X 4, 4-Lamp T-12 Fixture — 160 Watts (Note – T-12s will no longer be manufactured after 2010)

After —- 2 X 4, 2-Lamp T-8 Fixture — 72 Watts

Difference in Fixtures — 88 Watts X 4500 Annual Burn Hours X $ .10 per KWH = Annual Savings of $ 39.60 / Fixture / Year X _____ # of Fixtures in your facility.

The advancement in Fluorescent Lighting in the last few years has been stellar. In warehouse facilities, the new fixtures of choice are F-Bay T-5 HO & T-8 Fluorescents. These fixtures are manufactured to replace the High-Bay HID (High Intensity Discharge) fixtures which were the cutting edge technology of the '80s &' 90s. The new fixtures use approximately ½ of the energy of the HIDs while holding their CRI (Color Rendition Index) for a much longer period of time.

Warehouse / Manufacturing Environment – An example of a Before – HID High-Bay Fixture and an After – F-Bay Fluorescent Fixture below: Note: The savings below is based on a 24-hour a day operation. You can adjust the hours of operating to suit your situation.

Before — 400-Watt Metal Halide HID High-Bay Fixture — 455 Watts

After — 6-Lamp T8 Fixture — 218 Watts

Difference in Fixtures — 237 Watts X 6500 Annual Burn Hours X $ .10 per KWH = Annual Savings of $ 154.05 / Fixture / Year X _____ # of Fixtures in your facility.

As you can see from both of the examples above, the savings can be huge depending on the size and the hours of operation at your facility.

Did you know?

• Better light CRI (Color Rendition Index) will Increase Employee Productivity.
• Your Utility Company may offer Rebates and you may be eligible for Tax Credits when retro-fitting and / or upgrading your lights.
• Retro-fitting or upgrading your indoor lights will Reduce Heat Output which Lowers Air Conditioning Costs.
• Upgrading the lighting in your facility should contribute to an Increase in Property Value if you decide to sell.
• There are Outdoor Fluorescent Fixtures available to replace Pole-mounted HIDs in your parking lot. These Fluorescents Consume ½ the Energy of your HIDs with Double the Lamp Life.
• HID fixtures lose a large percentage of their light output annually while continuing to consume the same amount of energy. In essence, you are paying more for consistently less light year after year.
• Upgrading or retro-fitting your lights will also Lower your Maintenance Costs. Fluorescent lamps have a longer lamp life. See the table below.
• In most cases, the energy savings realized by retro-fitting or upgrading your lights will pay for the finance cost of the new lights. The result is that there is no interruption to your cash-flow or additional out-of-pocket expense.

Lamp / Bulb Life Comparisons

60 Watt Incandescent Bulb – 1,000 Hours – T-5 4 'HO Fluorescent Lamp – 20,000 Hours
400 Watt Metal Halide HID Bulb – 10,000 Hours – T-8 4 'Fluorescent Lamp – 24,000 Hours
18 Watt Twin CFL Lamp – 12,000 Hours

There are some basic lighting terms that you need to know when communicating about lighting. The simple definitions of a few of these terms are:

• Foot-Candle — A measure of light intensity. A foot-candle is defined as how bright the light is 1-foot away from the light source. Foot Candles = Lumens / Sq Ft.
• Lumen — Is equal to one foot-candle falling on one square foot of area. Each lamp packaging lists the amount of lumens for that lamp. As lamps and fixtures age and become dirty, their lumen output decreases (lumen depreciation occurs).
• Photometrics — Spread of light in foot-candles over a specific area outward / down from the light source. The further away from the light source, the lower the foot-candles.
• CRI (Color Rendition Index) — Describes how a light source makes the color of an object appear to human eyes and how well subtle variations in color shades are revealed. The higher the CRI, the better the color rendering ability.
• Kelvin — The kelvin is a measurement of heat energy or temperature. It measures the 'Hue' of light. 'Hue' in this technical meaning refers not just to color generally, but to the relative warmth of a specific light source-its spectrum frequency or color temperature.

Large Corporations have realized and implemented these Cost Saving Strategies for years, whereas smaller companies have been behind the curve in recognizing the benefits of retrofitting and / or upgrading their lighting. However, between the challenging economy and the recent advances in lighting technology, the cost savings can no longer be ignored by smaller businesses. An analogy would be that most people would walk past a penny or even a nickel and not bend over to pick it up (I would bend over to pick up a farthing if they were still available), but not many people would walk past a quarter or a dollar bill without feeling some degree of guilt. Every time you walk under or past your outdated interior or exterior lights, think about the amount of money which could go directly to improving your bottom line.

Electrical Safety and Efficiency for Your Home

Playing with electrics is definitely not safe so it is vital that you know exactly what you are undertaking. You should have prior experience or know somebody who is skilled and practiced when carrying out an electrical problem. Safety tips are also an excellent thought if you have any young children about your house.

How is the condition of the electric wiring in your house? Does it require to be rewired? Some normal signs of old wiring are:

  • When utilizing appliances, lights may become poorly lit.
  • Fuses blowing simply and often.
  • When operating appliances, you might notice a burning odor.
  • You can hear a kind of crackling noise from switches.

Be sure to ask a tradesman or electrician for advice and about your wiring or what methods you could carry out to improve your wiring system in your home. As we are inclined to use many more electrical devices nowadays than we did before, it is essential that your wiring meets standards. If you have wiring which is Green, Black and Red, then it could be many years old. The present wiring color is Green, Blue and Brown. Do you think it is time for a change?

You ought to be aware that the most costly quote you will obtain from a tradesman, or in this case an electrician, does not constantly mean you will receive the greatest service out there. Be certain that each tradesman is trained and practiced, contains significant experience and has available references from earlier clients.

Simple Tips To Help You Evaluate An Electrician

Every trade has its good and bad contractors, and this is certainly the case when it comes to electricians. In order to locate a good electrician who is going to do a proper and professional job in your home, you will need to evaluate them. This will involve evaluating both them, and also the work that they do.

How to Find a Good Electrician in Three Easy Steps

Whether you just need a small electrical job done or whether you are doing a full renovation you still want to find a competent electrician to do any of the wiring work. Put simply, bad electrical work is plain dangerous.

Unfortunately not all tradesman turn up on time or offer good public relations. This causes frustration for home owners and businesses. It is worth doing a little research rather than hiring any electrician who is available

Here are three simple tips that may help you to find a really good electrician

1. The first thing you can do is to ask friends or workmates if they know of a good electrician. Just be careful, you are not after just any electrician. You want a recommendation for some one who is known to do good work and is a real professional.

You can also ask what kind of work this tradesman has done before. You need a person who is licensed and fully insured.

2. If you can't locate an electrician through your social network, you might want to check out the internet. Look at a few websites and see if there are any testimonials. It is also a good idea to notice how long the business has been operating.

Reputable service providers are often linked to professional associations that promote high quality work.

3. If you decide to go with a particular electrician to do the job for you, ask about what warranty they provide. A fully insured technician will have no problems with explaining what after sales service is provided

You also want to find out when the work will be completed and what the company does if there are delays. Do they contact the client? Is there a guarantee about getting the job done in a certain time.

An Electrician Talks About Grounded Conductors Vs. Ungrounded Conductors

It is important for many people to know the difference between a grounded conductor vs. an ungrounded conductor. As an electrician, I see that people just have this tendency to hook wires up without a lot thought of how the wires should connect. People often think if it works, then it works. However, they do not understand what can happen if the wires do not work because of the way people decide to connect them.

The purpose of grounded conductor is to prevent people from getting dangerous electrical stocks when using electrical appliances. You will most often see grounded conductors in electrical outlets. Certain wires must be present and connected correctly to prevent an electrical shock in case a wire comes loose and touches the metal outlet. If the outlet is ungrounded and a wire comes loose and is hot, then it can cause a shock. If the wire touches anything metal, the metal becomes hot and can shock someone. Grounding prevents the metal from becoming hot and shocking someone.

Three-pronged outlets are designed to guard against dangerous electrical shock because they should have grounded conductors. However, the mistake many people make in older homes is replacing a two-pronged outlet with a three-pronged outlet and forgetting to change the wiring. This is actually illegal in some states because the three-pronged outlets provide an illusion safety, when in fact this is very dangerous. If you are unsure if your outlets have been properly grounded, then think about calling an electrician to check it out, especially in an older home. Any three-pronged adapters you buy will also have the same problem because the wiring has not been changed.

The only way to safely convert an ungrounded conductor to a grounded conductor in outlets is to change both the wiring and the outlets. This is something an electrician can help with. You do not have to convert the entire house at one time. If there are certain areas that you tend to use more than others, then have an electrician rewire and replace those outlets first. Overtime all of your outlets should eventually have grounded conductors in all your rooms with outlets.

The difference between having a grounded conductor vs. ungrounded conductor can make a huge impact on the safety of your home. Having an electrician look at your outlets to make sure all the wiring is correct will give you peace of mind.

Tips to Test Electronic Components With a Multimeter

For those who want to know whether their electronic components or circuits work, it can be easily tested at home with multimeter. Basically, there are three primary electronic components that are used in the circuits. The capacitor can store energy in the electrical field, the inductor can store energy in the magnetic field, and the resistor can increase the potential difference between two points.

One Stop Shops Even Undertake Electrical Work

Around any home or office building there will always be need to improve the outlets or sockets which machinery has to be plugged into. In the home in particular, the advent of the many games and computer consoles means that there is rarely enough power outlets to satisfy all the needs of the family. However, any work in this line which is undertaken must be given to a professional company to complete if accidents are to be avoided. To see which companies can do this locally, look up 'electrical contractor' or 'electrical services' to get some idea what is available.

In any home, having all the wiring checked every couple of years is a must if shocks or accidents are to be avoided. Rodents find plastic wire absolutely irresistible and will chew away at this for hours. Of course, the resulting damage could short out the whole system in the house and may even start a fire sometimes. Also, this is a prime area for people to receive shocks so if there is any evidence of rodent infestation, call in the experts to take a look.

There are one stop shop companies which cover all kinds of remedial work for the householder. So finding someone to come in and check for pests may also result in them finding a chewed wire or leaking pipe, both equally dangerous where power is concerned. The good thing about this though is that they can usually do all the work in one fell swoop.

Instead of having to contact several contractors who will have to meet and arrange timings etc, the one stop shop will complete all the planning and execute the work without interfering with the plans of the householder. This is a great way to do business of course since most people go to work. If they had to come home to let in the plumber, the electrician and the pest control guy on three different occasions, think how long the job could take?

These people also undertake other work too like repairing roofs or putting up decking or structures in the garden. Of course, any new structure will probably have to have wiring done too so the trusty electrician will be involved in this aspect too.

When considering extensions to the home or in the garden, ask for advice on what will pay for itself over time. That is, will the addition add value to the premises or will it detract from the value of the home.

For example, an extra bathroom may be a great addition for a growing family, but be careful where it is located. It may be better to put it in en suite rather than in a corridor since this may add more value. Bedrooms with en suites tend to be very popular these days and this minor consideration may just add a few extra thousand to the valuation of the building.

Finally, always check with friends on who the good companies are. Word of mouth is a good way to get trusted workmen no matter what work is being undertaken.

Electricity in And Around The House

Electricity in And All-around The House has grown to be the driving force in every recent technology design and gadget that we're using nowadays. But, however useful useful round is, there remains to be rather a large incidence of in And -related accidents all over the planet. Every year, electrical accidents account for hundreds of folks that sustain a shock injury, burns of varying levels and most terrible of all, death as a consequence of electrical faults.

Why is Electrical Power in And Around The Property so Dangerous?

Overhead power lines which carry about 500,000 volts usually are not insulated. Substations and transformers include “live” parts that are treacherous. Underground cables are well insulated, but any sharp object like a shovel for example could potentially damage them, therefore producing an electric shock. Electrical Power in And All-around The House always will find the shortest route to the ground. It will now seek every good conductor that it can pass through to get to the ground. Because your body is about 70% water, it instantly will become a good conductor of the. If you touch a live wire whilst your feet are touching the ground, electricity will pass through one's body to get to the ground causing an electric shock that may be wounding and in many cases lethal.

Electric current may also generate extensive burns inside your body. The lung and heart muscles can also be damaged by electric shock. Direct current (DC) can make muscles against your will contract whilst alternating current (AC) will cause the heart to fibrillate.

Power lines are not the only cables that can injure you, if you make connection to them. Household electrical appliances and cables also have the potential to harm you if you don't know how to take precautions. December is the most dangerous month in terms of electrical fires. This will be because there are more indoor fun during this month that cause a rise in the need for lighting, heating and appliance usage.

Electrical Safety Tips.

A variety of property-related accidents are usually avoided by following simple safety tips in the house. It is imperative that you educate your children about observing and practicing electrical safety measures.

Electrical Sockets and Cables.

Check plug sockets for slack fitting plugs that can overheat and cause a fire. If wall plates are lost or broken make sure to replace them. If there are children in the house, cover up all wall outlets as a safety precaution and tell your children never to mess around the sockets. If achievable, cover wall outlets or sockets with furniture.

See to it that cables are in good working order and not threadbare or worn. Cables must not be nailed against walls or positioned under heavy flooring. Donot put any your furniture on top of them. At any time you are using extension cables, ensure they will not be overloaded. Extension cables should only be used on a brief basis only. When unplugging any electrical item, remember to hold the plug by itself and not the cable.

Electrical Appliances.

All unused appliances must be disconnected and the cables out of reach from small kids and your pets. Be sure that appliances that generate heat have some clearance all around for cooling and air flow. When using appliances follow directions and do not carry out repairs that you are not experienced to do. It is better to keep all electrical equipment away from places where water is present such as sinks, lavatories, swimming pools, tubs or any overhead vents that may drip. Remember not to run electrical equipment with wet hands or whilst standing in water. If you have radiators, heating vents or space heaters, keep away items of clothing, toys, curtains or any combustible materials.

Outdoor Electrical Safety.

It has long been seen that some people mistakenly choose to use electric lawn mowers or tools whilst it is raining or while the grass is wet. Stop! You will only electrocute ones self.

If there are parts of a tree which are near the power lines, ensure you trim them. If you cannot do it, call the local tree surgeon and ask for assistance in trimming the tree. Keep away from power lines when you are flying kites or model airplanes. If there is an electrical storm (lightning) close by, do not swim or play next to water. If you see a power line that is down, don't handle it, even if you believe it is not “live”. Call the proper authorities.